Spring Lawn Care
Caring for your lawn starts in early
spring as the soil warms up and the roots become active and the grass
begins to grow.
Spring is the time for:
top dressing with compost,
re-seeding with quality grass seed
applying pest & weed controls for problems
experienced in the previous growing season
Watering: Watering at this time should
only be done if needed as the ground tends to be saturated with
moisture from the thawing of winter. Be careful not to walk across
water soaked lawns as heavy traffic can damage the grass and roots.
Top dressing: Top dressing your lawn with
high quality compost each spring helps improve soil structure, adds
organic matter, adds beneficial organisms and helps retain moisture
within the lawn. Half an inch of compost should be spread evenly over
the entire lawn and worked in using a fan rake or push broom. This
process can be done or repeated in fall if desired.
Re-seeding: A lawn should be re-seeded to
strengthen it as grass plants begin to thin out from seasonal stress
or traffic. Spread seed evenly over the lawn area using a broadcast
spreader or drop-spreader, rolling the seed afterwards to make sure
the seed comes into contact with the soil. Keep the soil evenly and
lightly moist to encourage germination and growth. Re-seeding should
be done in spring or early fall while temperatures are between 16oC
and 20oC and water is more readily available in the
Fertilizing: Your spring fertilizing is
the first of 3 feedings you should provide your lawn through out the
season. A slow release, granular fertilizer high in Nitrogen (N) is
ideal (i.e. 8-2-3) to provide food evenly and gradually over the
entire spring and prevents burning of the lawn. Nitrogen aids in the
formation and function of chlorophyll which provides food for the
grass plant. The second and third numbers, Phosphorus (P) and
Potassium (K), aid the grass in root growth and overall health and
stress resistance respectively.
Weed Control: A healthy, thick lawn helps
weeds from spreading and becoming unmanageable. Hand weeding existing
annual and perennial weeds before they set seed is an important step
to weed prevention. An early application of Weed Prevent Corn Gluten
Meal Herbicide prevents annual weeds including dandelions and crab
grass seeds from germinating. Over seeding your lawn with quality
grass seed helps thicken the lawn to prevent spaces for weeds to grow.
Wait at least 4 weeks after application of Corn Gluten Meal to sow
grass seed as it can inhibit germination of grass seed as well.
Pest Control: A thick and healthy lawn is
the best way to keep pests and diseases from ruining your lawn. The
most common pest problems that affect lawns in early spring are large
brown, or dead patches that lift easily from the soil which are caused
by white grubs.
White Grubs: If skunks or raccoons are
digging up your lawn it is a sure sign you have lawn grubs. Beneficial
Nematodes are natural microscopic worms, that when applied to your
lawn, will kill white grubs. Nematodes are NON TOXIC, safe for
people, pets, plants, earthworms and beneficial insects. Beneficial
Nematodes are very simple to use - mix with water and apply to
affected area. Best applied twice per season. They can be applied any
time the soil is wet enough and the soil temperature is above 10